WILDLIFE CONSERVATION PDF

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Wildlife Conservation: A Brief History Effort to maintain and use natural resources (wildlife) in conservation, “the art of producing from the forest whatever. Conservation and use of wildlife-based resources: the bushmeat crisis. Acknowledgements. This document was prepared by Robert Nasi (CIFOR) with major. PDF | Wildlife conservation is an activity in which humans make conscious efforts to protect plants and other animal species and their habitats. Wildlife.


Wildlife Conservation Pdf

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WILDLIFE CONSERVATION AGENDA FOR THE NEXT ADMINISTRATION. 2. Introduction. The next at soeprolrendiele.gq ments/itw/soeprolrendiele.gq). Wildlife conservation is the practice of protecting wild plant and animal species and their habitat . "Predicted climate change may spark box turtle declines" ( PDF). Amphibia-Reptilia. 30 (2): – doi/ Durrell Institute of Conservation and. Ecology (DICE) has an international reputation for wildlife conservation. Studying Wildlife Conservation at. DICE, you .

For some pollutants, simple exposure is enough to do damage e. For others, its through inhaling e. Pollutants affect different species in different ways so a pollutant that is bad for one might not affect another.

Air pollutants: Most air pollutants come from burning fossil fuels and industrial emissions. These have direct and indirect effects on the health of wildlife and their ecosystems. For example, high levels of sulfur oxides SOx can damage plants and stunt their growth. Other air pollutants like smog , ground-level ozone , and particulate matter decrease air quality.

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Heavy metals: Heavy metals like arsenic , lead , and mercury naturally occur at low levels in the environment, but when ingested in high doses, can cause organ damage and cancer. Human activities such as mining, smelting, burning fossil fuels, and various industrial processes have contributed to the rise in heavy metal levels in the environment.

Toxic chemicals: There are many sources of toxic chemical pollution including industrial wastewater, oil spills, and pesticides. There's a wide range of toxic chemicals so there's also a wide range of negative health effects. For example, synthetic pesticides and certain industrial chemicals are persistent organic pollutants.

These pollutants are long-lived and can cause cancer, reproductive disorders, immune system problems, and nervous system problems. It's related to some of the aforementioned threats to wildlife like habitat destruction and pollution. Rising temperatures, melting ice sheets, changes in precipitation patterns, severe droughts , more frequent heat waves , storm intensification, and rising sea levels are some of the effects of climate change.

Meanwhile, a warming climate, fluctuating precipitation, and changing weather patterns will impact species ranges. Overall, the effects of climate change increase stress on ecosystems, and species unable to cope with rapidly changing conditions will go extinct. Aerial view of the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill in Pollution[ edit ] A wide range of pollutants negatively impact wildlife health. For some pollutants, simple exposure is enough to do damage e.

Wildlife conservation

For others, its through inhaling e. Pollutants affect different species in different ways so a pollutant that is bad for one might not affect another. Air pollutants: Most air pollutants come from burning fossil fuels and industrial emissions. These have direct and indirect effects on the health of wildlife and their ecosystems. For example, high levels of sulfur oxides SOx can damage plants and stunt their growth.

Other air pollutants like smog , ground-level ozone , and particulate matter decrease air quality.

Heavy metals: Heavy metals like arsenic , lead , and mercury naturally occur at low levels in the environment, but when ingested in high doses, can cause organ damage and cancer. Human activities such as mining, smelting, burning fossil fuels, and various industrial processes have contributed to the rise in heavy metal levels in the environment.

Toxic chemicals: There are many sources of toxic chemical pollution including industrial wastewater, oil spills, and pesticides. There's a wide range of toxic chemicals so there's also a wide range of negative health effects. For example, synthetic pesticides and certain industrial chemicals are persistent organic pollutants.

These pollutants are long-lived and can cause cancer, reproductive disorders, immune system problems, and nervous system problems. It's related to some of the aforementioned threats to wildlife like habitat destruction and pollution.

Rising temperatures, melting ice sheets, changes in precipitation patterns, severe droughts , more frequent heat waves , storm intensification, and rising sea levels are some of the effects of climate change.

Kitchen — just a small pad for a couple of stoves and a water connection. For the toilet as well as the kitchen, portable tents can be used for the walls and roof, which can be folded and kept away when not in use. All other requirements can be ferried in by the tour party.

Evaluating conservation effectiveness in a Tanzanian community wildlife management area

Two principal components are important — hospitality which includes boarding, lodging, transport etc. A tour could include other components such as cultural programmes, handicrafts etc.

Training of Personnel: NGOs should organize training programmes for local personnel to handle visitors. Camp staff is to be sensitized to cultural sensitivities of a Shri.

Indi Glow, Bugun Welfare Society diverse national and international clientele deliberating on ecotourism ventures social interaction, food habits, personal privacy, etc , punctuality and hygiene. Marketing is the most crucial aspect. Moreover, the youths engaged today in such ventures do not want to work hard and leave the job after a few months.

Such ventures need time to grow and cannot give over night benefits 14 Proceedings of the One day Workshop on Wildlife Conservation: Values and Incentives One can mitigate this with awareness creation to locals.

One can ban the use of firewood as in Kangchendzonga and have all parties ferry in their own stoves and fuel gas or kerosene. To avoid few prominent persons from the community corner much of the profits from tourism in common resources, highly coordinated efforts and initiatives from village councils, are required.

Wildlife conservation

Home stays are an inexpensive and easy way by which locals can give ecotourism facilities. We are planning to send our youths on an exposure visit to Kalimpong and Sikkim.

The Government should focus on streamlining and simplifying the issue of tourist permits. Ecotourism should only be seen as one of the agencies of development — it will not make the entire community rich, or even anyone rich.

Ecotourism can provide seed money for the community to explore other avenues of revenue generation — e. The knowledge of the flagship law is essential. Otherwise, several species could be stamped out. The hunting of herbivores will directly affect the carnivores that are dependent on them.

Thus the prey depletion is one of the most serious threats to the carnivores. The population densities, survival rates and chance of persistence are all strongly tied to the densities of their prey base.

Vast stretches of forests in Arunachal Pradesh are bereft of wildlife. Such forests cannot be considered ecologically alive. Bird hunting is a serious problem. Bird diversity is severely affected. Apart from habitat destruction, hunting also plays a pivotal role in extinction of several bird species. Butterflies and moths are placed in Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act, , which prohibits commerce in wildlife articles.

Catching and killing frogs are done against the Wildlife Protection Act. Frogs play a vital role in the food chain of the eco-system, help prevent spread of diseases by consuming insects and are necessary to maintain the ecological balance. Crucial definitions in the Wildlife Protection Act, like animal, wildlife, wild animal, vermin, hunting and trophy were discussed.

Species under different schedules were drawn attention to. Section 9, which is the cornerstone of the Act, was discussed and several situations deliberated whether such Shri. Prohibition of picking and uprooting of specified plants especially Ladies slipper orchids and vandas was also elaborated.

Provisions related to trade or commerce in wild animals, animal articles and trophies was also discussed. Keeping undeclared wildlife products or animals is punishable with a jail term of 3 to 7 years and a fine of over Rs.

The huge scope in declaration of Community Reserves was specifically stressed on.

The State Government may, where the community or an individual has volunteered to conserve wild life and its habitat, declare any private or community land as a community reserve, for protecting fauna, flora and traditional or cultural conservation values and practices.

A Community Reserve management committee, consisting of five representatives nominated by the Village Panchayat and one representative of the State Forests shall be the authority responsible for conserving, maintaining and managing the community reserve.

The committee shall be the competent authority to prepare and implement the management plan for the community reserve and to take steps to ensure the protection of wild life and its habitat in the reserve. The committee shall elect a Chairman who shall also be the Honorary Wild Life Warden on the community reserve.

No change in the land use pattern shall be made within the community reserve, except in accordance with a resolution passed by the management, committee and approval of the same by the State Government.

Many examples of successful community reserves in other parts of the country were focused on.

Apprehensions on increased control of the government on the reserves were also addressed. Demarcation of 2 CCAs: 1. Thembang Bapu CCA — 31, ha 2. Home Stay 42, Home Based Restaurant 8, Porter 29, Pack Animal 1,03, Cook and Guide 16, Cultural Troop 5, Fodder 15, Fodder 4, Camping Material on rent 15, CCA Entry Fee 4, Camera Fee 1, Donation 1, CCA Conservation Fee 24, Cutting for timber was an insignificant reason.

Wildlife commonly encountered nowadays in this region: Monkeys were the most common wildlife encountered in this region. Wild boars and barking deer were the second most sighted wild animals. Wild cats were also commonly encountered. Bears and goral are the least sighted among the common animals.

Wild life seen years ago and not seen nowadays in this region - disappeared wildlife: Musk Deer was the most vociferously voted animal seen aplenty 15 — 20 years ago and very rarely seen nowadays.

Otters, wild dogs and red panda also figured in the discussions as one of the diminishing wild animals. Leopards were also sighted commonly by elders a decade ago. Reasons for decline in wildlife: Forest reduction and habitat destruction was unanimously declared as the most prominent reason behind disappearance of wildlife.

Hunting and Forest fires also caught the attention of the audience as a major contributing factor.

Wildlife conservation

Some villagers argued that hunting by locals is done sustainably and can not be a reason for the decline. However, they opined that hunting by government officers is a major concern especially due to the uninhibited access and modern weapons. Their main victims include small game like squirrels, monkeys and birds. Road construction has affected migration of animals especially bears.This greatly shocked me and I returned with a heavy heart.

For some pollutants, simple exposure is enough to do damage e. All other requirements can be ferried in by the tour party. The ideas given by researchers and think tanks must be propagated to every village to be implemented by the villagers and forest dwellers.

Of these 10 species, 1 sub species and 1 variety have been found to be under rare and threatened category. Kitchen — just a small pad for a couple of stoves and a water connection.

We also thank the participants and other well wishers and friends for their encouragement and inputs for the success of the programme. KS Jayachandran for this move which will educate not only the officials but also the villagers about the various aspects of wildlife conservation. Prohibition of picking and uprooting of specified plants especially Ladies slipper orchids and vandas was also elaborated.

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